The fauna of Armenia is distinguished by its diversity. There are about 12 thousand animals in Armenia, including 75 mammals, 43 reptiles, more than 300 birds and 11 thousand insects and invertebrates. Below are the species that contain the roots "armen" and "hajastan" (which mean Armenia) in their names, as well as other Armenian toponyms.
Gomphocerus armeniacus is a rare species of restricted and partially fragmented distribution belonging to the family of Acrididae. It is a small-sized grasshopper with a green coloration. The forehead sometimes has a large dark spot. The elytra and hind wings are well developed, in both sexes, hind wings have the same coloration with gray veins from the top and a light white spot. Sometimes the female has dark spots. The wings are transparent. Only single individuals are recorded. Trends in changes of abundance are unknown. It is protected in Arevik and Sevan National Parks and Zangezur Sanctuary.
Poecilimonella armeniaca is a rare species of restricted distribution belonging to the family of Tettigoniidae. It is a small-sized cricket. The upper wings of the male are shortened, reach the posterior margin of the first tergite of the abdomen, in females, they are very small and hidden under the edge of the pronotum. The coloration varies from reddish-yellow to reddish-gray, reddish-green. The species is currently considered endangered with the major threats being tillage of virgin lands and reckless use of toxic chemicals. The abundance is moderately high whilst the trends in changes of abundance are unknown.
Phytodrymadusa armeniaca is a rare species of restricted distribution belonging to the family of Tettigoniidae. It is a large-sized cricket with a greenish-yellow coloration. In both sexes hind wings are half-grown, reaching the third tergite of the abdomen in males and the second one in females. The abundance is quite high. Trends in changes of abundance are unknown. The species is currently protected in Arevik National Park.
Bombus armeniacus is a rare species of bumblebee of small-scale and restricted distribution. It belongs to the family of Apidae. The abdomen of females and worker individuals consists of 6 tergites, the antennae have 12 segments and have a sting. The abdomen of males consists of 7 tergites, the antennae have 13 segments and have no sting. The body of all bumblebees is covered with dense hair concealing the covers. The front part of the notum of this species, scute, and the abdomen is covered with yellow hair. There is a wide black band on the notum, between the wings. The representatives of these species are social bees with families consisting of 50–100 individuals. A rare species, the population is significantly reduced. The species is protected in Khosrov Forest Reserve and Sevan National Park.
Sicista armenica or the Armenian birch mouse is an endemic species of small population. It is listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The mouse is almost unexplored, feeds on greenery, seeds, and fruits. It can sometimes consume insects and drinks water. Like other birch mice, its activity is likely nocturnal and crepuscular. It is a rare species in need of research and conservation.
Anthocharis gruneri armeniaca Christoph is a subcategory of the species Anthocharis gruneri. This species resembles that of cardamines but is smaller. The main characteristics include black apical markings broader in the male, ground colour of the upperside strongly yellowish. Armeniaca Christoph is more whitish above, and the orange-red apical patch is proximally dark-edged.
Testudo graeca armeniaca is a subspecies of the common tortoise, which is listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This turtle has a flattened carapace, dark brown and yellow-cream colour, with a height equal to half the length of the carapace. It is active from April to mid-November and hibernates usually in fox and badger dens. It feeds on succulent herbs and, to a lesser extent, on invertebrates. Mating occurs from April-May. Two to eight eggs are laid from June onward, three times a season, into the burrow dug in the ground. The incubation period is 2–3 months. Maturity is reached at 12–14 months. The species is protected in Khosrov Forest Reserve, Shikahogh Reserve, Arevik National Park, Dilijan National Park and some sanctuaries.
Larus armenicus, which is also known as the Armenian ull, is a species of limited distribution belonging to the family of Laridae. This species is superficially similar to yellow-legged gulls but slightly smaller with a slightly darker grey back and dark eyes. The size of the population is very unstable and reliant strictly on available nesting and food conditions. On average, the population numbers 800 individuals in spring, 700 in summer, 1000 in autumn and 500 in winter. It is protected in Sevan National Park and Lake Arpi National Park.
Darevskia armeniaca, commonly known as the Armenian lizard or the Armenian rock lizard, is a parthenogenetic (unisexually breeding) species of Darevskia, a genus of lizards belonging to the family Lacertidae, the wall lizards. Darevskia armeniaca is native to the Armenian Highland.
Armenohelops armeniacus is a rare species of restricted distribution, representative of the monotypic genus endemic to Armenia. It belongs to the family of Tenebrionidae. It is a medium-sized beetle having a moderately convex, elongated body strongly widened towards the back. The coloration varies from red to black-brownish. The elytra are moderately shiny. The abundance is not high, only a few specimens are recorded. Trends in changes of abundance are unknown. It is protected in Khosrov Forest Reserve.
Izomira armena is a rare species of restricted distribution belonging to the family of Alleculidae. It is a small-sized beetle with a rather narrow, ovoid body. The colouration varies from light to dark brown. The legs are light brown. Numbers are moderately high. Trends in changes of abundance are unknown. The species is currently protected in Dilijan National Park and Ijevan Sanctuary.
Machimus erevanensis is a large-sized robber–fly of restricted distribution belonging to the family of Asilidae. The face, frons and the apical part of the head are covered with silver-white dense dust covers. There is a black shiny triangled spot on the frons above the antennae. The thorax is covered with yellowish-grey dust cover. The legs are covered with dense white bristles. The wings are translucent. It is a rare species, only a few individuals are recorded. The population tends to decrease. The species is protected in Arevik National Park.
Agrodiaetus eriwanensis is a rare small-sized butterfly species of restricted distribution belonging to the family of Lycaenidae. The ground colour of its wings is brown, the hind wings of the male are with characteristic androconial field, the females are brown. The underside is light brown, with discal and postdiscal spots, white stripe is sharp. Abundance is rather high in undisturbed habitats. Trends in changes of abundance are unknown. The species is currently protected in Khosrov Forest Reserve.
Dyschirius sevanensis is a small-sized rare beetle species of limited distribution belonging to the family of Carabidae. It has a narrow and severely convex body. The body colouration is black with slight bronze iridescence. In some places, the abundance is high and stable. Dyschirius sevanensis is protected in Sevan National Park.
Cylindronotus erivanus is a species of limited distribution belonging to the family of Tenebrionidae. It is a medium-sized beetle having a quite wide, moderately convex, ovoid body slightly widened towards the back. The colouration varies from black brownish to black. The elytra are moderately shiny. The abundance is low, only a few individuals are recorded. Trends in changes of abundance are unknown.